The developmental disorder known as Asperger’s Syndrome is no longer an official diagnosis in itself; it is now part of a category called autism spectrum disorder. It’s sometimes called “high-functioning autism,” according to the Cleveland Clinic. (Elon Musk said he had it.) Asperger syndrome has a number of distinctive symptoms. Here’s what they are and how they can be treated, according to experts. Read on to learn more and to ensure your health and the health of others, don’t miss these Sure signs you’ve already had COVID.
“The most distinctive symptom of AS is a child’s obsessive interest in a single object or subject to the exclusion of all others,” explains the National Institutes of Health. “Children with AS want to know everything about their topic of interest and their conversations with others will be about little.”
People with Asperger’s syndrome may experience difficulty in social situations. “People with Asperger’s Syndrome usually want to fit in and interact with others, but often don’t know how to do it,” explains the autism society. “They may be socially awkward, misunderstand conventional social rules, or show a lack of empathy.”
People with Asperger’s syndrome tend to be isolated due to poor social skills and narrow interests, the NIH explains. “They may approach other people, but make normal conversation impossible by inappropriate or eccentric behavior, or by only wanting to talk about their singular interest.”
“People with Asperger’s Syndrome may feel like their body language may be off,” says Mount Sinai. “They may speak in a monotonous voice; they may not respond to comments or emotions from others. They may not understand humor or a figure of speech. They may have problems with eye contact, facial expressions or body language.”
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Some people with Asperger’s syndrome tend to place a high value on routine and may exhibit repetitive behavior and extremely rigid thinking. A desire for certainty is common and people with AS may experience anxiety and fear in the face of uncertainty which may manifest as anger.
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“While some people with autism have intellectual disability, by definition someone with Asperger’s syndrome cannot have ‘clinically significant’ cognitive delay and most possess average to above-average intelligence,” says the Autism Society.
If you think a loved one has symptoms of Asperger’s Syndrome, see your doctor. Although Asperger’s symptoms cannot be cured, they can often be effectively managed with therapy, including speech therapy and social skills therapy, and medication.
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