Major depressive disorder is one of the most common mood disorders in the general adult population and is responsible for the heaviest disability burden among psychological disorders. Globally, women are about twice as likely to suffer from depression as men.
Among the criteria for major depressive disorder, the appearance of five or more of the following symptoms, as indicated by a subjective report or observation by others, must be present almost every day during the same period of 2 weeks: depressed mood most of the day; marked decrease in interest or pleasure in all or nearly all activities for most of the day; significant weight loss in the absence of diet or weight or change in appetite; insomnia or hypersomnia; psychomotor agitation or retardation; fatigue or loss of energy; feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt (which may be delusional); decreased ability to think or concentrate or indecisiveness; or recurring thoughts of death, recurring suicidal thoughts without a specific plan, or a suicide attempt or a specific plan to kill yourself.
A wide range of treatment approaches and guidelines are available for major depressive disorder, including medications, psychotherapy (eg, cognitive behavioral therapy [CBT] or interpersonal therapy) and a combination of these modalities.
Are you up to date with pharmacological therapy for major depressive order? Test your knowledge with this quick quiz.
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Quote this: Claudia L. Reardon. Fast Five Quiz: Pharmacological Therapy for Major Depressive Disorder – medical landscape – August 26, 2022.