TAIPEI, June 21, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — Since the outbreak of COVID-19, over 530 million inflections have been reported globally. While the virus is still raging in many countries, the world has been suffering from supply chain disruptions and high inflation for a decade, which has been exacerbated by rising food and fuel prices due to regional conflicts. Political tensions within the international community also mean that no country can be immune to the adversities mentioned above. In addition, the European Union Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism is expected to be implemented with a transition period in 2023, and it is expected that United Statesthe UKand Japan will follow soon. How would different governments react to the pressure to reach net zero by 2050? Six winners of the Tang Prize 2022, newly presented to the public during four press conferences taking place from June 18 to 21, have all shown selfless devotion to the advancement of human civilization and the betterment of the welfare of mankind. We therefore sincerely believe that their outstanding contributions to their individual disciplines and the insightful views they have expressed can bring stability and new opportunities to a world that currently finds itself at a critical juncture.
In 2022, the Tang Prize for Sustainable Development was awarded to Jeffrey Sachs. A world-renowned professor of economics who has served as a special advisor to three United Nations Secretaries-General, Professor Sachs is currently Director of the Center for Sustainable Development at Colombia University and Chair of the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN). He made a significant contribution to the establishment and promotion of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and was recognized by the selection committee for “leading the transdisciplinary science of sustainability and creating the multilateral movement for its applications from the village to the nation and the world”.
As a leading economist of international renown, Professor Sachs has conducted groundbreaking research in many areas, such as debt crises, hyperinflations, the transition from central planning to market economies and the eradication of poverty. extreme poverty. Moreover, when addressing complex issues related to global sustainable development, he combined the fields of global economy, public health, equity and sustainability to initiate a multidisciplinary approach to addressing these issues. , transforming sustainable development into an integrated field of study and practice. His exceptional scholarship, his advice to world leaders, his pedagogical innovation and his efforts in global advocacy and the achievement of sustainable development have proven him to be a true leader of great vision, profound influence and imbued with a deep humanist concern.
The Biopharmaceutical Sciences Prize was awarded to three scientists who have played critical roles in the development of mRNA vaccines against SARS-CoV2: Katalin Kariko, Drew Weismanand Peter Cullis, “for the discovery of key concepts and approaches in vaccinology, leading to the successful development of an mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccine,” according to the selection committee citation. The groundbreaking discoveries of these three laureates and the ingenious approaches they pioneered are key to the rapid and successful development of vaccines against SARS-CoV-2. While Dr. Kariko and Dr. Weissman found a way to reduce the immunogenicity of mRNA, Professor Cullis is credited with designing lipid nanoparticles for delivering mRNA vaccines. Thanks to their efforts, millions of lives have been saved.
The new platform developed by these three scientists is a nucleoside-modified mRNA vaccine that can evade the immune system, preventing the severe inflammation that occurs when in vitro– transcribed mRNA is recognized by immune cells. These mRNA molecules are encapsulated in lipid nanoparticles and efficiently delivered into cells. They then instruct the cellular machinery to produce harmless bits of spike proteins found on the surface of the coronavirus and initiate a series of adaptive immune responses, such as triggering B cells to produce antibodies and forming T cells to attack. infected cells. These techniques not only revolutionized vaccinology, but also marked a paradigm shift in protein therapy. They represent the advent of a new era of RNA-based therapies. In addition, they can be applied to fight against various diseases, such as the development of vaccines against other viruses, tailor-made vaccines against cancer, vaccines against HIV or vaccines against allergic diseases.
The Sinology Prize is awarded to Professor Dame Jessica Rawson“for her gift and mastery of the craft of the visible to read the art and artifacts of Chinese civilization. By giving voice to the ancient world of objects, she taught generations how to see when they look at things, and its acumen and its vast visual learning gave new insight into the world of lineages, transformations and migrations of dumb things.”
His contributions show that in addition to writing, there is another talent, another profession, which, by reading the art and artefacts of the world, makes it possible to interpret and understand distant and ancient societies, with their beliefs and interactions. Professor Rawson adopted this approach in his study of Chinese bronzes and jades, ancient Chinese tombs, and more particularly in the exchanges between the peoples of the center China and their neighbors, for example in horse harness, revealing the role of horse trade with the steppe and along the Silk Road. She showed that the many regions of Eurasia had their own traditions, their own visual systems, in which artifacts, their materials, shapes and multiple ornaments were fixedly combined. By reading these combinations, she was able to track and illuminate the transmission of visual systems between Eurasia and China. More recently, the work of Professor Rawson on the introduction of horses from Mongolia at China led to new ideas about the origins of the Silk Road. In short, his original and pioneering achievements in the archeology of China and Inner Asia have revolutionized and broadened our understanding of early contact and exchange between East and West.
Teacher Cheryl Saunders won the Rule of Law Prize, for “his pioneering contributions to comparative constitutional law, and in particular his work on constitution-making in the Asia Pacific region. In the citation, the Selection Committee paid tribute to her working methods, noting that she applies “her scholarship to inspire and advise constitution-making exercises, often in difficult circumstances”, and that she “constantly expands the limits of comparative constitutional analysis”. scholarship in law through active engagement, dialogue, and collaboration with scholars and policy actors at home and abroad.
As the first woman to be appointed professor of law at the University of MelbourneProfessor Saunders was made an Officer of the Order of Australia, awarded the Australian Centenary Medal and the Legion of Honor from Franceand received an honorary doctorate from the National University from Cordoba. Currently Professor Emeritus Laureate at the University of Melbourne, Professor Saunders is not only a pioneer of comparative constitutional studies but also an academic practitioner. She places particular emphasis on an inclusive approach to comparative constitutional studies, advocating for the integration of constitutional experience from around the world into our thinking, which broadens the view of comparative constitutional law studies beyond a focus on developments in Europe and North America. Professor Saunders’ work is characterized by collaboration with networks of experts and scholars in the Asia Pacific and elsewhere, bringing community talent along the way in countries such as Fiji, East Timor, Burma, Sri Lanka, Nepal, The Philippines and Bhutan. Through his applied knowledge and experience, Professor Saunders has learned the importance of prioritizing both national ownership and adaptation to local context, in the interest of effective implementation. . To make comparative analyzes useful, she works with local academics and practitioners to organize workshops and forums, to identify priorities, issues and options from a local perspective. It has made considerable contributions to the countries of the Asia Pacific and elsewhere in terms of constitution-making assistance and inspired people who want to change society through constitutional reform.
About the Tang Prize
Since the advent of globalization, mankind has been able to enjoy the convenience brought by the advancement of human civilization and science. Yet a multitude of challenges, such as climate change, the emergence of new infectious diseases, the wealth gap and moral degradation, have surfaced along the way. In this context, Dr. Samuel Yin created the Tang Prize in December 2012. It consists of four award categories, namely Sustainable Development, Biopharmaceutical Science, Sinology and Rule of Law. Every two years, four independent and professional selection committees, including many internationally renowned experts, scholars and Nobel laureates, select as Tang Prize laureates individuals who have influenced and made substantial contributions to the world, regardless of their ethnicity, nationality or sex. A cash prize of NT$50 million (about. $1.7 million) is assigned to each category, with NT$10 million (about. US$0.35 million) that this is a fellowship intended to encourage professionals in all fields to examine the most pressing needs of humanity in the 21st century and to become leading forces in the development of society humanity through their outstanding research results and active civic engagement.
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SOURCE The Tang Prize Foundation